Jammu & Kashmir is officially combined in 1948 as a part of India, when the existing ruler Maharaja Hari Singh agreed to join Indian Federation. The state is located in northern India and most often denoted by the acronym J&K. The state is the home to certain valleys such as the Kashmir Valley, Tawi Valley, Poonch Valley, Chenab Valley, Lidder Valley and Sind Valley. The state Jammu & Kashmir has a wide glimpse that expanse rich culture, tradition and history. Along with the scenic beauty Kashmir is famous for its cultural heritage.
Jammu & Kashmir
The state Jammu & Kashmir is located in the lap of the Great Himalaya and it has a wide range of elevations. Due to mountains and plains its biogeography is diverse. These elevations are responsible for the rise of the Himalayan Forests in the Kashmir Valley part. All the prime regions of the state have the different climate. The Ladakh region have semi-arctic climate, Kashmir Valley have the arctic climate and the Jammu region have the Humid Summers and typical Monsoonal.
When we talk about Jammu & Kashmir, the beauty of nature comes in our mind. pristine steams and stunning landscape is rife with attraction like Dal lake, Mughal Garden and Shalimar Bagh. Jammu is spirituality place and famous for its temples such as Mata Vaishno Devi, Rsghunath Temple and Maha Kali Temple are most often visited place in Jammu. Ladakh is a truly amazing place located high up in the Himalayas and popular for trekking and motor biking.ancient masterpieces. Kashmir is all about beautiful valleys, gardens, vast lakes.
Bahu Fort, Jammu
The Jammu & Kashmir has a wide vista of their tradition and culture. The Kashmir culture and cuisines is influenced by Central Asian and Persian culture. The Kashmir is famous for its Cultural music and dance like Wanvun, Rouf, carpet/shawl weaving and Koshur Sufiana forms.
The culture of Jammu is different from Kashmiri culture. The culture is Dogra culture basically influenced by the neighboring state Punjab and Himachal Pradesh. The wide influence is seen in their language also, the Dogri is very much similar to pahadi and Punjabi language. The state shares its border with neighboring country Tibet. In ladakh region is famous for its Indo-Tibetan culture. This region is encircled by Buddhist so the Sanskrit and Tibetan language forms an integral part of their lifestyles.
Flora and Fauna
Due to Great Himalayan Mountains the state has wide forest area and a wide variety of flora. The state has the high altitude area purview itself to bitter cold and ice. The snow clad mountains has various trees such as Chinar, Deodar, Pine and Fir trees; also walnut, almond, willow and cider.
The vast cold forest provided the musk deers, black and red bears, ibex and snowy leopards family and a vivid species of birds. In the Ladakh region around 240 species of birds including migratory along with gazelle and Himalayan yak.
Art and Craft
The state is known worldwide for its art and craft products. The grooming industries of the Handloom exporting and their products such as Pushmina Shawls, Kashmiri Rajai and Carpets are famous all across the country and even in the world. Silk is yet another product from the state which is very much popular in the international market.
Due to wide variety of forests there is lot of wooden industry in the state and the state is famous for its brilliant wooden art. The art known as the Khatam Band (a famous ceiling art) are baroque and unique.
Papier Mache a great art come from the state and the people take pride in creating decorative items formed with pulped paper, multi-hued colours and creative patterns.
Cuisines are based on the ancient tradition "Qabargaah" (Kashmiri Muslims commonly refer to this dish as Tabakhmaaz), Dum Olav, Gogji Raazma, Goshtaba, Lyodur Tschaman, Matschgand, lamb meatballs in a gravy tempered with red chillies, Modur Pulaav, Monji Haak/Gogji Haak, Mujh Gaad, a dish of radishes with a choice of fish.
Taste of Jammu & Kashmir